The American Media has predicted that One in Four person in this World will be a Muslim by the year 2025 (Insha Allah).
|Year||Hijra New Year||Ashura||Mawlid an Nabi||Ramadan Starts||Eid Al-Fitr||Eid Al-Adha|
|By Ahmed Hamdy Eissa. A Uniform Calendar for the Western Hemisphere. Actual Western hemisphere moon sightings may occur a day later but never earlier, than these dates reflect.|
If you find any errors, or if you have positive comments, please e-mailthe Webmaster Ahmed Eissa so that additions or corrections can be made.
The Islamic or Hijra calendaris made up of 12 lunar months. The Hijra year is therefore 354 11/30 days long, which means that it migrates through the solar year, starting about 11 days earlier each (Gregorian solar) year. The Islamic year is considered to have started at sunset of Thursday, July 15, 622 in the Julian calendar and has twelve months of alternately 29 and 30 days, the last month having 30 days only in leap years:-
The leap year occurs in the 2nd, 5th, 7th, 10th, 13th, 16th, 18th, 21st, 24th, 26th and 29th years of a 30 year cycle. The beginning of a new month is commonly defined, however, by physical observation by the religious authorities of the new moon. Thus, the calculated dates may be off by a day or two and may even vary from country to country. In practice this is most important for the beginning and end of Ramadan, the month of fasting and for the feast of 'Id al Adha.
Friday is the day of rest. In many countries, shops and offices may be found open after midday prayers are finished but government offices and so on are invariably closed for the whole day.
As the Muslim day begins at sunset, so do the holidays. The Gregorian dates given in this site are for the day of the feast, so in Western calendar terms, the feast can be said to begin at sunset on the evening before the date given.
Major observances, festivals, holidays and fasts:
1) "Ramadan"Month of fasting:
Believers take no food, drink or tobacco from sunrise to sunset, and abstain from sexual relations. In many cities, the start of the fast is marked each day by a drummer who beats the bounds of each district and the end of the fast by the firing of a cannon. Technically, the fast begins each day at dawn, which for Muslims comes nearly two hours before sunrise. Sunrise marks the end of the first period of prayer. Dawn is reckoned as the time when the sun's first light is seen on the horizon, or, according to a Hadith, when a white cord may be distinguished from a black cord. Traditionally, the fast is broken with a bowl of soup and a special salad (fattoush) but the evening breakfast ('iftar) is often an opportunity for revelling which may go on late into the night. Ramadan is not a holiday, but work schedules may be seriously disrupted or altered. It is known as "Hari Rayah" in Asia.
2) Eid El Fatr (Feastival):
This feast marks the end of Ramadan. It commonly lasts 3 days. Known as "Seker Bayram" in Turkish, "Hari Raya Puasa" in South East Asia, Eid El Fatr in Arab counties.
3) 'Eid ul-Adha', The Festival of Sacrifice: The culmination of the Hajj or holy pilgrimage. Commonly a 4 day holiday. Known as Kurban Bayram in Turkish, Hari Raya Hajj in South East Asia and Tabaski in parts of Africa.
'Eid ul-Adha', The Festival of Sacrifice: is celebrated throughout the Muslim world as a commemoration of Prophet Abraham's willingness to sacrifice everything for God, including the life of his son Ishmael. Because God spared Ishmael, substituting a sheep in his stead, Muslims commemorate this occasion by slaughtering an animal and distributing its meat among family, friends and the needy as a special act of charity for the occasion. Because of this, many poor Muslims are able to enjoy the unusual luxury of eating meat during the four days of the festival.
The Muslim celebrates 'Eid ul-Adha with an early morning prayer service followed by a community breakfast. In keeping with the tradition of 'Eid, Muslims will dress up in new or special clothes, visit friends and relatives, hold 'Eid gatherings or parties, and give gifts to their children.